THE MONTESSORI CURRICULUM
The Montessori classroom provides a holistic approach to education: the social, emotional, and physical needs, as well as the academic needs, of the child are addressed. As a result, the Montessori curriculum is very rich and incorporates many areas of mastery and study. A Montessori classroom incorporates the following:
PRACTICAL LIFE (EVERYDAY LIVING)
This area includes works to help support the child in learning to care for himself and his environment. These are activities that adults often find mundane, but that children seem particularly drawn to, such as washing dishes, folding laundry, polishing, sweeping, pouring, tonging, etc. These help children develop independence, coordination, concentration, an “I can do it” attitude, and positive work habits.
The children are exposed to a wide variety of art media and technique. Our goal is for the children to be exposed to the works of a wide range of artists and artistic styles, while themselves working and developing artistically.
These are activities that help the child learn to discriminate, categorize, classify, and perceive. They, like the everyday living materials and all the other curriculum areas, help to develop coordination, concentration, positive work habits, and a positive self-esteem.
Activities to help the children learn about the natural and physical world around them abound in a Montessori classroom. The children study life science, earth science, and physical science. Our emphasis is always on how all life on Earth is interconnected and interdependent.
Both physical geography- the study of the solar system and the earth’s formation and structure, and cultural geography- the study of the peoples of the world and their cultures, serve as a framework for learning about our world.
Language permeates the classroom in all curriculum areas. Children are given a multitude of opportunities to develop their reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills. Due their innate desire to develop their language skills, children in a Montessori preprimary classroom are often precocious in their reading and writing abilities.
Children have a natural inclination for order and for creating order, and mathematics calls to them for that reason, when presented in a concrete, manipulative, hands-on fashion. Work with the Montessori math materials leads the children to gain an understanding of number concepts, mathematical operations, fractions, geometry, and place value that will build a firm foundation for all later mathematical study.
Music is interwoven throughout all areas of the curriculum. We enjoy singing together and playing games daily during our Singing Circle time, as well as singing songs throughout the day that support our areas of study.